Glands of the Human Body

The information presented below is provided to help our clients gain a better understanding of the glands of the human body and the results of their health consultation.
Read more about our health consultations.
 

Pineal Gland:

  • Makes Melatonin for correct sleeping patterns
  • Helps with reproductive cycles
  • Needs sunlight to function properly
  • Sends hormonal messages to the Hypothalamus
  • Considered to be in the Crown Chakra
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Hypothalamus (Master Gland):

  • A primitive part of the brain may control autonomic nervous system
  • Controls blood pressure, hunger, gastrointestinal function, the feeling of fullness (after eating), thirst, water retention, bladder contraction, decreases heart rate, body temperature, sweating, sleep, wakefulness and alertness
  • Initiates the Anterior Pituitary to secrete TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)
  • Operates much like a coach on a team sport where the coach gives signals to the other glands particularly the pituitary
  • Considered to be in the sixth chakra (third eye)
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Pituitary Gland:

Anterior

  • Balanced, it will improve weight loss
  • Secrets Human Growth Hormone (hGH) and Somatostatin (Growth Hormone Inhibitory Hormone)
  • Mobilizes fat into the cells for fuel
  • Enhances protein assimilation in the body
  • Uses fat stores instead of glucose reserves
  • Helps with sleep patterns (staying asleep) and falling asleep in the afternoon
  • Acts indirectly on cartilage and bone growth
  • Causes the adrenals to release cortisol and is influenced by stress (ACTH)
  • Helps form the pigment melanin, too much may cause skin blotches (MSH)
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone, causes the thyroid to release T-4 and T-3 which is essential for normal well-being
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone, causes ovulation and promotes the formation of sperm
  • (PRL) helps with the development of the breast and milk production
  • (PIF) stops the production of milk

Posterior

  • Involved in water balance and kidney function, high concentrations cause high blood pressure and frequent urination, protects against water loss
  • Helps in the childbirth process by causing the uterus to contract and milk to flow
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Thyroid Gland:

  • T-4 simulates the metabolism in most body tissue, think of it as the energy bank. Low T-4 levels: need for iodine
  • The thyroid needs iodine to function properly
  • Helps to increase the metabolic rate
  • T-3 helps keep cholesterol in balance
  • When deficient, weight gain may occur
  • Increased heart rate and/or irregular heart beat sign of out of balance thyroid
  • Thyroid problems cause exhaustion
  • Low sex drive
  • Calcitonin, increases the amount of calcium in the bone and decreases the calcium in the blood
  • Hypothyroid = low metabolic rate, weight gain, cold hands and feet, PMS, constipation, brittle nails, poor memory, headaches and migraines, fibrocystic breasts and dry skin
  • Hyperthyroid = overactive metabolism, anxiety, can’t shut your mind down, weight loss
  • Goiter (enlarged thyroid)
  • Under-active thyroid brings estrogen levels up and progesterone levels down
  • An under-active Thyroid may indicate a need for the minerals Zinc amd Iodine
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Parathyroid Gland:

  • Deficiency of parathyroid hormone decreases calcium and phosphorus from the bones and increases blood calcium levels
  • Deficiency may lead to muscle twitching, numbness, and tingling of the extremities
  • Overactive parathyroid can cause excess calcium to accumulate in various parts of the body including the joints, muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, kidney stones, heal spurs, and can lead to osteoporosis
  • Overactive Parathyroid brings estrogen levels up and progesterone levels down
  • Under-active Parathyroid may indicted a need for the mineral Copper
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Thymus Gland

  • Helps with growth until puberty
  • Important part of the immune system

Adrenals:

Cortex (outer portion):

  • Regulates salt-to-potassium, regulates carbohydrate metabolism, regulates sexual function- SEX-SALT-SUGAR
  • Cortisol - anti inflammatory, pain regulation, converts food into sugar, protein metabolism and reactions from allergies
  • Can cause high blood pressure
  • Problems with protein absorption
  • Ketosis will not occur unless cortisol is available (fat burning)
  • Too much Cortisol can cause obesity
  • Excessive Cortisol may cause high blood pressure, increase insulin
  • Decrease of Cortisol shows up as osteoporosis (due to a lack of protein), changes in posture, dizziness when rising from a seated position

Aldosterone

  • Decreases the amount of salt released by the kidneys (body holds more water)
  • Increases the amount of potassium released by the kidneys (electrolyte problems can cause death) you lose your electrical charge or cellular dehydration
  • High Aldosterone levels increase the salt in the body tissue, which in turn increases fluid retention, causes weight gain, edema and high blood pressure

Androgens

  • Promotes masculinity and has the same effects as testosterone
  • In women, it causes the growth of pubic hair
  • A deficiency or excess of could lead to baldness or a deep voice
  • Increased levels of this hormone can cause excessive growth of facial hair
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Medulla (center portion)

Epinephrine

  • Increases the activity of the heart in extreme stress situations
  • Increases glucose levels for the muscles so they can respond to an emergency
  • Constricts blood vessels; shuts down digestion
  • Most powerful form of fight-or-flight response
  • Needed for short durations only
  • Activating Epinephrine too much or too often can cause blood pressure problems, sweating, heart palpitations, inability to lose weight and headaches

Norepinephrine:

  • Norepinephrine will have a similar effect on the body as Epinephrine with a slight difference. It causes stronger constrictions of blood vessels, increases blood pressure but is does not increase the metabolism as much as epinephrine
  • All the blood goes to the large muscles and away from digestion
  • Feels as though you are being chased by a lion
  • Too much of this hormone may cause high blood pressure, difficulty sleeping, poor digestion and problems handling stress
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Pancreas:

Insulin:

  • Insulin decreases blood sugar and increases storage of glucose into fat cells
  • Stable and/or lower levels of insulin help with weight loss
  • Syndrome X=high insulin levels
  • High insulin stops the action of LIPASE (an enzyme that breaks down fat) in the liver, muscles and adipose tissue
  • High insulin causes problems with brain function and energy levels
  • In the presence of insulin we cannot burn calories

Glucagon:

  • Glucagon releases Glucose from the liver into the body and helps the body utilize fat
  • Glucagon is activated when we eat protein
  • Excretion enhances the concentration of Glucagon in the blood enhancing fat burning
  • The brain needs only water and Glucose to be healthy!
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Ovaries:

Estrogen

  • Contributes to the feminine body shape
  • Starts ovulation and menstrual cycle
  • Estrogen is needed to protect the vaginal area against dryness
  • Estrogen has an effect on bones
  • Excessive Estrogen has been noted to create side effects such as fibroids, breasts disease, diminished sex drive, headaches, water retention and weight gain in the buttocks, thighs and stomach. Other sources of Estrogen are in non-organic beef, chicken, dairy products and eggs.

Progesterone

  • This hormone is the building block to estrogen, testosterone and the adrenal hormones
  • Helps to protect against fibrocystic breast disease
  • Uses fat as energy (weight loss), normalizes blood sugar
  • Natural antidepressant
  • Helps to release excess fluids
  • Builds bones and protects against osteoporosis
  • Maintains sex drive
  • Normalizes zinc and copper levels

During menopause the outer portion of the ovaries stops working while the inner portion of the ovaries continues to work. The adrenal glands are designed to take over production of the female hormones. If they are too tired then symptoms such as hot flashes, depression, irritability, sleep problems and weight gain may occur.

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Testes:

Testosterone

  • This hormone stimulates the growth of male sex organs and creates male characteristics
  • Excess of the hormone can cause lack of hair growth on the top of the head and acne
  • Improves athletic performance, sex drive and increased metabolism
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Placenta:

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Hormone:

  • Promotes the growth of the corpus luteum and the release of estrogen and progesterone, aids in the development of fetal tissue and the mother's breasts
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Gastrointestinal:

Gastrin

  • This hormone is released by the stomach in response to food relaxing the ileocecal valve (the connection between the stomach and the small intestine)
  • Initiates the releases of stomach acid and emptying of the stomach into the small intestine
  • Problems with this hormone cause incomplete emptying of the stomach, back up of acids into the esophagus causing heartburn as well as increased or decreased stomach acid production

Secretin

  • This is released from the small intestine in response to stomach acid
  • It also increases bile secretions for several hours

Cholecystokinin

  • This is released from the small intestine in response to fat
  • Its main purpose is to block the effects of Gastrin by slowing the emptying of the stomach
  • Causes the gallbladder to contract and release bile to breakdown fats
  • Causes the pancreas to secrete its enzyme
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MORE ON THE THYROID GLAND:

Thyroid Function

Human Body

The information presented is provided to help our clients gain a better understanding of the glands of the human body and the results of their health consultation.
Read more about our health consultations.